Asthma What is Asthma, Causes of Asthma and Reasons for Triggering Asthma
Asthma What is Asthma, Causes of Asthma and Reasons for Triggering Asthma

Asthma is a medical condition and a chronic inflammatory disease, in which airways get narrow, swell, and produce mucus more than usual. This makes breathing painful and triggers whistling sounds and coughing. If you get infected you can not breathe properly and breathe short.

The causes are very person to person, In some people, it is just a mild problem while for others it becomes a major problem that interferes with daily routine activities and leads to sometimes life-threatening attacks.

There is not any remedy for asthma, but it can be controlled. Asthma did not remain the same, it changed with time. You have to work with your doctor to track the symptoms and signs for adjusting the treatment.

What Causes Asthma, and How Asthma Attacks

The causes of asthma are still unknown; there could be various reasons for it, asthma attacks when your airways become narrow and you can not breathe. The spasms of the muscles become inflamed and swelling of the mucosal members in blocks the airway and they are filled up with mucus.

This causes shortness of breath, cough, wheezing, and difficulty in talking. When the airways are filled up with mucus your body tries to get rid of it through cough and wheeze.

Sometimes, only one person in the family can get asthma, there are several conditions and allergies play a role to develop asthma as genetics do.

You should understand the things that trigger asthma if you or your loved one has asthma. When you figure out the reasons for asthma triggering. You can avoid the happening attack. 

Triggers of Asthma

There could be many triggers of asthma such as

  • Foods
  • Food additives
  • Allergies
  • Heartburn
  • Exercise
  • Sinusitis
  • Smoking
  • Weather
  • Humidity
  • Heatwaves
  • Medication
  • Smoke
  • Fog
  • Smog

Asthma and Allergies

Asthma did not come alone, actually, asthma is a common problem that comes with allergies. More than eighty percent of people have allergies to different things in the air that trigger asthma. The things could be 

  • Polluted air
  • Tree smell
  • Grass smell
  • Weeds 
  • Pollens
  • Molds
  • Dander of animals
  • Mites dust
  • Droppings of cockroaches

According to researches, the people who have cockroach droppings in their houses are more likely to get contaminated and have asthma. The children living in these houses are also at higher risk of getting childhood asthma than other children. 

Another most common trigger for asthma is dust mites. It is arduous to manage asthma if you get it. You should sense an allergist to handle allergies if you have any kind of allergy. The treatment of allergies can help to reduce the chances of asthma.

Food Additives and Food as Asthma triggers

Food allergy can cause very bad reactions that can be life-threatening. Food allergies did not cause asthma but they caused triggering asthma.

If you have asthma then the food allergy can be dangerous and harmful. This reaction is called anaphylaxis. some of the most common food allergy symptoms are

  • Milk
  • Peanuts
  • Egg
  • Tree nuts
  • Wheat
  • Fish
  • Soy
  • Salads
  • Fish
  • Shellfish
  • Different kinds of fruits

Some preservatives that use to preserve the foods can trigger asthma, like 

  • Sodium bisulfite
  • Sulfite
  • Potassium bisulfite
  • Sodium metabisulfite
  • Sodium sulfite
  • Potassium bisulfite

Exercise Trigger Asthma

A heavy exercise and workout can cause narrowing the airways. About eighty percent of people with asthma often get asthma attacks through hard work and exercise.

This type of asthma is described as Exercise-induced Asthma. In this, you will feel cough, trouble in breathing, and tightness of chest during aerobic and intense workouts.

This attack starts in starting five to ten minutes then it goes away after thirty to sixty minutes. But people with this kind of asthma get attacked again by six to ten horses. To prevent yourself from an asthma attack a warm-up exercise is a good idea.

It is better to talk to your doctor and discuss which exercise and activity are good for you that did not cause breathing problems. Try to avoid exercise outdoors in winter and cold weather, because cold is also a main trigger of asthma.

Smoking and Asthma

Smoking cigarettes and other types of tobacco products are very bad and harmful for overall health and your lungs. People who use certain merchandise are more likely to get affected with asthma.

Smoking with asthma is very dangerous and life-threatening. If you smoke cigarettes they can cause wheezing worse and you can not breathe which could be life-threatening.

Women who smoke cigarettes during pregnancy are at high risk of wheezing in babies. and cand have worse lung functionality. If you are a smoker and become asthma then quitting smoking is one of the most suitable options to shield your lungs and reduce asthma attacks.

Asthma and Heartburn

Asthma and severe heartburn come together most often. People who have asthma also have severe heartburn. Heartburn is also designated gastroesophageal reflux disease. It most commonly happens in the night while sleeping.

There is a valve in your esophagus which controls and prevents stomach acids from coming back. It only gives food to go down to the stomach. When this valve does not work properly, the acids reach the throat and cause inflammation and irritation which trigger the asthma attack.

 The evidence shows that reflux can cause asthma, starting in adulthood, without any family history of allergies, asthma, or bronchitis. In this condition, it becomes difficult to control asthma while lying down and you can not sleep properly as usual.

If this problem appears, your doctor may change your diet plan and the medications that you use. And do some specific tests to confirm the reasons.

Upper Respiratory and Sinusitis Infections

Sinusitis causes inflammation in membranes of mucus which lines in your sinuses and get inflamed by asthma. Which causes more production of mucus in the membranes. If your sinus and membranes get inflamed and you have asthma, it will also affect the airways and increase asthma. Treatment of sinus infection gives relief from asthma symptoms.

Asthma and Different  Infections

Flu, freezing, sinus, and bronchitis are some of the general conditions of asthma attacks. These are all respiratory infections that can be bacterial or viral. These infections trigger asthma especially in kids under ten years of age.

If you have an above respiratory disease then the possibilities of asthma attack increase up to seventy percent. people who have asthma also have sinus disease and other people with asthma also have allergic rhinitis, sinus is also a sign of asthma. 

Asthma and Medications

Some people with this disease are also allergic to medications that trigger the attack of asthma. If you have asthma you should be informed of the drugs that make asthma attacks and trigger asthma attacks.

Talk to your doctor regarding this and notify him about your asthma so he can provide you good medicine. Do not avoid any medication except you validate that it can trigger an asthma attack. The best thing is to take them with caution. Here are some common medications that trigger asthma attacks and symptoms. If you know about that medicine that causes an asthma attack, tell your doctor so he can prescribe an alternative medication for you.

Aspirin and Pain relievers

People who have asthma are also sensitive to aspirin or a group of painkillers called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like naproxen and ibuprofen, these medications are mostly used to reduce fever and cope with pain.


Sometimes attacks that occur by the reaction of these drugs can be very severe and fatal. So people who are allergic or receptive to these drugs should withdraw them. Products containing acetaminophen are normally safe for people with asthma. But you should speak to your doctor about this whether you should utilize them or not. There are very few percentages of people who have allergies to this product.

If you are allergic to aspirin, or any other product you should read the labels and ingredients of all over-the-counter medications. It is mostly used in the medicines which used to treat coughs, fever, cold and pain. You should also acquaint your doctor with this. And ask any question that you want to ask the doctor about the medication that certain medication can trigger asthma.


These medications are commonly prescribed for heart diseases, migraine headaches, high blood pressure and are also found and used in eye drops in the form of glaucoma. You should know about them and your doctor has to take the decision after detail cheaply if they affect asthma. You should tell your doctor that you have asthma when he is going to prescribe any medicine for you.

Some of the beta-blockers are

  • General
  • Normodyne
  • Trandate
  • Corgard
  • Pindolol

ACE inhibitors

Inhibitors are utilized to manage high blood pressure and heart disease. These medicines also cause cough in their users. This cough did not lead to asthma but it can trigger asthma. It can cause chest tightness and wheeze. 

If you are prescribed by doctors these medicines tell them that you have asthma. Some of the ACE inhibitors that are mostly in use are 

  • Aceon
  • Accupril
  • Altace
  • Lotensin
  • Captopril
  • Monopril
  • Captopril
  • Prinivil
  • Univasc
  • Tarka
  • Zestril
  • Vasotec

If you have asthma, always be careful before taking any kind of medicine. Especially over counter treatments and medicines. Always talk to your doctor and pharmacist that you hav sensitivity to these medications.

Some Other Asthma Triggers

Here are some common asthma triggers 


Weather is also a big trigger for asthma, changes in temperature, cold air, humidity can trigger asthma.


The smoke of tobacco, wood burning smoke, fireplaces, cleaning agents, and strong odors of perfumes can trigger asthma. Air pollution and dust along with fumes of chemicals can be very harmful and triggers asthma.


Strong emotions such as anxiety and stress are often seen together, crying, yelling, anger, laughing, and yelling can bring asthma attacks. Always keep control of your emotions.

Why and How Triggers Make Asthma Worse?

If you have asthma, your airways perpetually stay tender and painful. They react very quickly to different kinds of triggers. Getting in contact can trigger asthma. Because these triggers make your airways more tight and inflamed, increased mucus blocks the airway, and the condition gets worse.

The triggering is very in person to person. Sometimes you do not get any reaction from these triggers and sometimes a little exposure causes a very big problem. Sometimes you have many and sometimes none. The best way is to take precautions and stay away from these triggers.

How  To Know the Causes and Triggers of Asthma

You should figure out what is going around you and what you will do when you have an asthma attack. What is the first step you should consider when you get revealed to any trigger? You should also confirm that if you have asthma or just a seasonal disease.

For this doctor may ask you to do blood testing and tell you to use a peak flow meter. This device is used to measure airflow, how much air you inhale, and how quickly exhale. It helps to give an alert to you and tell you about asthma symptoms.

Your doctor will tell you how to use the peak flow meter and how it will help you to reduce the causes and reasons for asthma. Identifying all of them is very difficult but you can change them. Sometimes a kid did not have an allergy to pollen but when he became an adult he got a pollen allergy.

Even if you know about the things that trigger asthma, it is very hard to avoid them due to a certain condition. if you want to clean your house or workplace but you can not do it without using cleaning agents.

For that, you should work closely with your doctor to cope with asthma. The doctor can help you to make a plan and can give you advice on how to treat the triggers. As he knows your current condition so he can prescribe a suitable medication for you.