You do not want to look like you pulled an all-nighter, Dark circles under your eyes make you look exhausted. It is a common problem among people of all ages and races.

Treating under-eye circles is a difficult task, for starters. The skin under the eyes is mostly the thinnest skin in the human body, and it is delicate. Since there is over one cause of dark circles, you may need over one type of treatment. As published on WED on June 9, 2020

What are the Causes of dark circles?

Before looking for treatment, we have to know why dark circles occur. This problem  is mostly caused by:


Aging is the most common and primary cause of dark circles under the eyes. As we get older, our skin loses collagen, it is a protein fiber that supports and tighten the skin. As a result, underlying blood vessels show through, and collagen breakdown speeds up by sun exposure.


Having too much brown pigment in the skin under the eyes can be hereditary. Mostly found in dark skin people. Sun exposure stimulates pigment production and makes the circles appear darker. Blood vessels are more visible in people with thin skin and fairer skin, especially on the skin under the eye that gives the area a purple or blue area.

Tear Trough Deformity

We all have a natural dent where the lower eyelid meets the cheek is known as the tear trough. Tear troughs run outward and downward near the nose. The trough takes a deeper groove that appears dark in some people.

The condition is known as tear trough deformity that may be the result of inherited differences in facial skin anatomy. It can also occur with age when the fat that supports the under-eye, skin area shrinks, and skin in that area loses elasticity. This condition also causes under-eye bags.


Different types of allergies also play a role in forming dark circles, such as hay fever, dust allergy, or any other kind of allergy. Allergens cause to release a chemical named histamine which dilates blood vessels and increases blood flow in the skin under the eyes.

It results in darkness under the eyes; it is also named allergic also causes puffiness under the eyes.

Lack of sleep

A little shuteye does not cause dark circles, but it can be worsened if you do not get enough sleep, skin becomes paler and darkness becomes more obvious, the lake of sleep also triggers a fluid buildup under the eyes and in result under-eye bag forms. To learn more about under-eye bags, click here.

How to Treat Dark Circles

There are some causes of under-eye circles that are not under your control, such as body structure, skin color,  genetics, and bone structure. There are many result-oriented effective ways to treat or minimize dark circles. Some of them are:

Chemical peels

In this procedure, chemical peels are used to treat dark circles. In this procedure, the upper layer of the skin peels off using different types of chemical peels which reduce collagen production in the skin. The new skin becomes smoother and fairer in tone and color. Chemical exfoliation makes skin almost even, a chemical peel can be a good option whether your dark circles are caused by blood vessels or extra melanin which shows through thin skin.

Eye Creams

Eye creams with retinol and peptides increase collagen that boosts the integrity of the area. Retinol fades hyperpigmentation in the skin as vitamin C reacts. This helps dark circles look lighter.

Wider fill in the eye lines containing retinol, niacinamide, caffeine, and peptides. This affects the under-eye skin and makes the area look fair and bright.

Dermal fillers

In the process, fillers are used to reduce the dark circles, Restylane, injected into the skin beneath the eyes, which fill the tear troughs. It is a good procedure and very useful, but should be performed under expert supervision. 

If the treatment did not do correctly, it can cause complications including vascular blockage, irreversible blindness, and skin death.


It is a hand-controlled device with shallow, fine needles to puncture the outer skin layer, resulting in a controlled injury. The damage stimulates collagen production and thickens the skin. The dark circle becomes less noticeable.

This process is also performed with and without radio frequency, which increases the benefits. This process gradually tightens the skins, which lessen the dark circles and puffiness of the skin under the eyes. 

Laser Skin Resurfacing

The most aggressive and used worldwide treatment for under-eye circles is fractionated laser treatment. The laser creates thousands of microscopic tiny wounds in the skin, leaving some area around every wound which allows the fast healing of the skin.

As a result, the skin looks fairer, smoother, tighter, and noticeable improvement. It is not right for everyone because in some people it can darker the circles under the eye.

Tips for success

To get the best results you should use a combination of different treatments after consulting a specialist if you are old aged. But if you are still young, there are many good products that can reduce dark circles and under-eye bags like brilliance, skin care cream, and Plexaderm.

Whatever treatment you choose, protect yourself from direct sun exposure, use sunscreen cream, cover up your skin, or seek shade during the daytime. Instead of wasting money on the treatments keep your skin protected from direct sunlight, adopt a healthy lifestyle, and eat healthily.