When an overweight person can not treat with diet plans and lifestyle changes, then the doctor recommends weight-loss surgeries in severe cases. The doctor can ask you to go for surgery in these cases
- If you have weight-related health conditions such as Diabetes type 2
- If you know and understand the benefits and risks of weight loss surgery
- If you are intending and very committed to change your life and want to lead a healthy life
- You can follow the diet plan and can control your eating habits after the surgery
- You are an adult obese or overweight
Doctors never suggest weight loss surgery to teens unless they have extreme overweight conditions and their BMI is over 35 and have severe medical conditions.
Before going for any surgery talk to your doctor about either these surgeries are good for you or not.
Types of Weight Loss Surgery
In weight loss surgery, the surgeon can make some changes in your intestine or stomach and sometimes in both here are some common methods that surgeons typically use
In this surgery, the surgeon only left a narrow part of the upper stomach and removes most of the stomach. This kind of surgery is called a gastric sleeve.
This surgery reduces the hunger hormone and you eat less due to feeling full. This hunger hormone called ghrelin hormone.
It is a most complicated surgery in which doctors remove the most part of the stomach by using the gastric sleeve and reduce the area of the small intestine through the bypassing process.
After this surgery, you eat limited and your body has a few chances to absorb nutrients and calories from your food. Which also reduces the number of necessary vitamins and minerals.
This bypass surgery is also called Roux-en-Y or RYGB. In this surgery, the doctors leave a small part of the stomach which named a pouch. The size of the pouch is too small that you eat less. The rest of the food bypass direct to the small intestine.
Sometimes doctors do a mini-gastric bypass. It is the same procedure like a gastric bypass. In this procedure, doctors use many small cameras to see inside the body.
Adjustable Gastric Band
A small band is used to put around the stomach which has a small balloon inside this band. This balloon controls the tightness of the band.
Through this band you can control the limit of intake food, Laparoscope is used to perform this surgery. Most doctors do not recommend this type of surgery due to its complications.
In this surgery, the doctors implanted a device in the abdomen controlled with a remote. This remote is used to control the device. This system is called the Maestro Rechargeable System.
This system works just like a peacemaker. This device sends signals to the brain to control the nerves between the brain and stomach, to control the appetite.
Benefits of Weight Loss Surgery
Weight loss surgery has shown very good impact and results in achieving significant weight loss. After surgery, most people succeeded to lose weight in 1 to 2 years. But when they did not follow the doctor’s advice they again started to regain the weight.
If you had any kind of health or a medical condition such as type 2 diabetes or cardiovascular diseases. before the surgery, you will also see good improvements. Like if you had diabetes or high blood pressure, they will improve quickly and fastly.
Risks and Side Effects
Some people found some side effects after weight loss surgery such as
- Increased gas
Some serious side effects can be include
- Leaking from stitches
- Blood clotting
Gastric bypass has a common issue which is called Dumping Syndrome, in this condition food moves very fastly towards the small intestine. The symptoms for this condition include
It occurs in more than 50 percent of people, but avoiding high sugar foods and using high fiber foods can help to prevent this condition.
When you lose weight too quickly it may cause gallstones. For preventing this the doctor prescribes supplemental salts to use for six months.
You should take enough nutrients because your body can not get enough nutrients from food after doing the weight loss surgery.
Rapid weight loss can harm your growth. And if you are a pregnant woman you should avoid this surgery because it can harm the development of your baby.