What are Treatment, Prevention, and Complications of Kidney Stones?
What are Treatment, Prevention, and Complications of Kidney Stones?

After verification and analysis of the presence of Kidney stones, there are several methods to Treat Kidney Stones.

Visit Your Doctor

A doctor can give you the best advice to treat kidney stones. He will prescribe you alpha-blockers to relax the muscles of the ureter and tubes connected between the bladder and kidneys.

The relaxing state of the kidney and tubes help to pass stones very easily and quickly with minimum pain. The doctor may ask to save the stone for further testings. To confirm the cause and prevent having a new stone.

If the size of the stone is large enough it is difficult to pass through urine. It can cause severe pain. To break the stone there are different ways to use it.


This method is utilized to operate kidney stones in the kidneys and other sections of the kidneys. In this process, the doctor uses a flexible, thin tube containing a scop for finding and removing the stones.

For doing this, they do not need to cut the skin or any major operation. But they will make you asleep in this procedure. Doctors use scope containing tube to enter in ureter, bladder, and kidneys.

This tube also has a cacher to remove stones. This scope is also used to break the large stones by laser. This procedure did not take too long and you did not need to stay at home, in most cases the doctors allow patients to go home very soon.

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)

It is the most basic technique to manage kidney stones. Doctors use shock waves to blast or break the stone into little pieces, so they can pass out with urine.

It is not too long a process. This procedure just takes about one or one and a half hours to complete. And doctors usually allow you to go home just after two hours of treatment. Although this treatment does not involve any kind of surgical process so you will not get any kind of skin cuts or stitches, still you can feel pain mild to strong. The doctor can use some options such as local anesthesia, sedation, numbing skin, and general anesthesia. Sometimes doctors do this procedure during the awake state and in some cases asleep state.

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

It is a simple surgery in which doctors make a small hole in your back and remove the stone through your kidney. It is a time demanding method, and you have to stay at the hospital for continued therapy.

Prevention from Kidney Stone 

If kidney stones form once in your kidney, chances of getting kidney stones again any time in life. According to studies, people who get once a stone can get another within seven to eight years if you did not take precautionary steps. There is some way that can help you to stop developing kidney stone again, such as

  • Cut back salt and sodium contained foods

Sodium is the main cause of different kinds of cardiovascular diseases and also causes raise calcium levels. If this sodium level increase in your urine, it can cause kidney stone formation.

Do not use direct sodium in from of salt in your diet. Because of the necessary sodium, you will get from your food and drinks. 

Cutting back sodium also helps you to lower heart problems and hypertension issues.

  • Drink lots of Water

Use a lot of liquids in your daily intake, which should be a minimum of 9 glasses of eight ounces of water daily. You can use orange juice or pineapple or any other kind of juice like limeade or lemonade.

  • Avoid junk foods and soft drinks

If you have formed a kidney stone. You should limit the use of dairy products and animal protein in daily use. You should also replace soft drinks with natural drinks for better health, here are some foods associated and linked with kidney stone

    • Eggs
    • Beets
    • Nuts
    • Butter
    • Cream
    • Colas
    • Chocolate
  • Use Enough Calcium

some time doctor asks you to drink and eat foods with high calcium for improving your bone health. Or sometimes in bone problems which also can cause kidney stone so it is better to get calcium from natural resources such as




Sweet potato

Bran flacks


Complications linked with Kidney Stone 

Treatment of kidney stones can cause some complications. Some times leaving kidney stone untreated can also cause some complications such as 

  • Extra bleeding during and after surgery
  • Bleeding through urine
  • Ureter blockage
  • Increased pain 
  • Infection in the urinary tract
  • Sepsis or allergy 
  • Ureter damage