What is Arthritis and Most Common Types and Causes of Arthritis
types of Arthritis

Arthritis is a joints condition in which joints become swell and tender. Joint pain and stiffness are symptoms of arthritis. It becomes worsen with age. 

Uric acid is the main reason for arthritis, when too much uric acid increase in the blood it forms uric acid crystals. which causes gout, psoriasis, lupus, and other types of arthritis.

There are more than a hundred types and conditions of arthritis.

Different Types of Arthritis

As we mention above there are more than 100 types of this condition which called arthritis, in this article, we discuss some most common types of arthritis that affect people.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

It is an autoimmune condition. in which the immune system affects different parts of your body. This condition mostly affects the joints and makes the reason for inflammation. And cause damage to joints if it is not treated well.

It is a very common joints problem. Two out of ten people mean twenty percent of people who have rheumatoid arthritis get lumps on the different parts of the body which called rheumatoid noodles. In normally found on the joints of elbows, knuckles, and heels.

Reason for Rheumatoid Arthritis

There is not a known reason for this condition. According to some experts when your immune system gets confused due to andy viral or bacterial attack, it starts attacking the joints. Andi if it did not treat in the early stages, it becomes too dangerous and it can spread to other body parts.

TNF (tumor necrosis factor and I-1 (interleukin-1) are the body’s chemicals that control inflammation in the body. To control and prevent joint damage medicines that block TNF and I-1 can be helpful.

Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis

The symptoms of this condition sometimes start suddenly and some tie comes gradually. The most often symptoms are

Morning stiffness

It can last for most of the day hours. In this condition, you feel fatigued and low appetite with weight loss.

Pain, Stiffness, and Swelling 

Swelling of hands, elbows, wrists, knees, ankles, feet, jaw, neck, and ankles. It usually affects different and multiple joints at a time.

Asymmetrical Pattern

Your left hand and knuckles become inflamed. Also the right one. and after some time other joints also get affected and you will feel pain with swelling of joints.

Multiple Joint Swelling

Normally small joints such as hands, wrists, and feet.


It is a very common condition and type of arthritis that affects most people in the world. It happens when you overuse your joints. It happens with the age, but sometimes obesity, injuries can put extra weight and stress over the joints and become inflamed.

It affects normally joints that bear weight such as feet, hips, spine, and knees. These are the most common joints that can affect this condition. It happens gradually, but you did not feel any type of pain and you will just have fatigue that causes by some types of arthritis.

Cause of Osteoarthritis

When you lose your shock absorber. The slippery material that also called cartilage covers the end of your bones in the joints breaks down gradually. One example is when you are overweight what will happen to your knees. The extra weight will put extra stress and pressure on the joints and squeeze the cartilage between the bones. This pressure damages the cartilage and there is not much space to cushion the joints which causes inflammation of joints.

This damage makes the movement painful and songs grating due to rubbing of rough cartilage the bones rube together. It also causes some time bumps at the end of joints. And joints get inflamed and you can not walk painlessly.

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

Symptoms depends on the joints that are affected you can feel 

  • Aching in joints
  • Deep pain 
  • Trouble in combing hair
  • Gripping the thins
  • Trouble in dressing
  • Climbing stairs
  • Bending over
  • Pain during walk
  • Morning stiffness
  • Stiffness after some resting 
  • Joints feel warm to touch
  • Can not move in full motion
  • Swelling of joints.
  • Harder to move the joints.


Uric acid is the main reason for this condition when crystals of uric acid buildup in the joints. It mostly happens in the big toe and other parts of the feet.

Causes of Gout

When you wake up and feel a sharp pain in your big toes, or if you are sitting on something and stand up you will feel severe pain. There are many things and reasons that can trigger this condition such as stress, drugs, and other medical condition.

The thin conditions can last for some days or some months. Even if you treat it or not. It comes again and again over time. But over time the attacks become frequent. If you did not treat it well it can affect your kidneys and knees .gaut also cause kidney stones.

There are three main things that could because of gout

  • Your are eating foods that increase uric acid levels in the blood
  • Your body is producing and making too much uric acid
  • Your kidneys are not working properly and did not process Symptoms: They almost always come on quickly. You’ll notice:

Symptoms of Gout 

Symptoms of gout can include

  • A sharp pain that hurt joints continuously
  • Intense joint pain especially in the big toes. It can be in the knees, elbows, ankles, fingers, and wrists also.
  • The joints become red or inflamed and tender due to swolloness 
  • Joints become more stiff and hard to move around.



Psoriatic Arthritis

This condition causes inflammation of the skin and joints inflammation. It causes red patches on the skin mostly it affects the tips of knees, elbows, navel area, the scalp, and skin of genital areas and anus.

Only a little percentage of people that could be 3 to 5 percent get affected with psoriatic arthritis if they have psoriasis.

Causes of Psoriatic Arthritis

It mostly happens at the ages of thirty to fifty. It can start early. Sometimes it also affects children and teenagers. Both men and women affected by it equally. The skin disease is first to show up

Symptoms of Psoriatic Arthritis

The main symptom of psoriatic arthritis is that fingers and toes become swell. People with this condition and problem have discolored and pitted nails.

It can affect a single joint or some joints. You may have only one knee or just spine or toes or fingers affected by it.


Lupus is another name of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus or SLE. it affects mostly joints and some other organs of the body. This condition is autoimmune.

Reasons fo Lupus

The reason behind this problem did not found yet. According to the doctors and experts when your immune system goes awry due to some reasons. It can cause many invaders and viruses.

It causes hard and continuous pain and inflammation throughout the body in the brain, organs, and joints.

Pregnant women are more likely to get affected by lupus. It mostly affects black women. It appears between the age of 15 to 45.


Symptoms of lupus

The symptoms can be

  • Swollen joints
  • Pain in joints
  • Headaches
  • Swelling of legs, feet, hands, and area around the eyes
  • Butterfly 
  • Rashes
  • Soreness of mouth
  • Hair loss
  • Sensitivity from sun
  • Whit or blue toes and toes while become expose to cold
  • Anemia
  • Low level of white blood cells
  • Blood disorders
  • Chest pain
  • Inflammation in joints
  • Lining
  • Lungs pain
  • Spine problems
  • Difficulty in walking