Diabetes is a long-living medical condition, in this health condition lifestyle-changing is very helpful. But if the change in lifestyle did not work well for you.
You did not get your desired blood sugar level. It is time to take medication that your doctor will prescribe according to your health condition and level of glucose in your blood.
Most Common medication for Type 2 diabetes
The most common medication used for type 2 diabetes are:
This group of medication is used to help your body produce more insulin, which includes
This medicine lowers the glucose level produced by the liver and helps the body to utilize the glucose in a proper way. This group of medicine contains
Like other medicines, it makes you sensitive to insulin, but do not take overdose because it can cause heart problems therefor the doctor did not recommend it as the first choice. you can get
This group of medicine help to produce insulin. It works faster than sulfonylureas. You will get in this group
These medicines designed to lower the blood sugar levels but inflammation of the pancreas and joint pain are some of their side effects. The medication include in this group are
These inhibitors help your kidneys to filter out glucose. In this group the medicines include
This group of medication slow down the digestion and lower the blood sugar level. The most common are
These inhibitors also help the kidneys to filter out the extra glucose in the bloodstream, your doctor may prescribe
It is recommended in severe cases if your blood sugar level did not control by other medications. Your doctor may give you long-lasting shots at night or at the morning, such as
- Insulin glargine
- Insulin detemir
Diabetes is Progressive
Sometimes it seems that you have changed the lifestyle and take medicine regularly but your blood sugar is getting worse.
When doctors use more than one drug to control the disease, this practice called combination therapy.
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Prevention from Type 2 Diabetes
There are many things you can do to lower the risk of any disease including diabetes such as
Active people have fewer chances to get affected by diabetes. A brisk walk daily for thirty minutes reduce the risk almost a third
Losing weight is one of the best ways to control the blood sugar level by dropping just 7 to 10 percent of weight can cut the risk in half. you can also use keto diet pills to lose weight.
Quit smoking for your overall health, you can gain weight by quit smoking so do exercise regularly while trying to get rid of smoking.
Avoid all types of junk foods especially processed carbs, drinks with sugar, saturated fats, processed and red meats.
Complications due to Type 2 Diabetes
If not treated well and on time diabetes can cause many problems with you such as
A high blood sugar level can reduce your vision by damaging the tiny blood vessels in the retinopathy. Which can lead to mild or complete blindness
The chances of heart problems increase up to five-time if you have diabetes. You are also at high risk of stroke due to blockage of blood vessels and chest pain.
Diabetes makes your kidneys work hard to filter the glucose which damages their membrane, this leads to kidney failure and you may need dialysis or kidney implantation.
Diabetes can lead to trouble with digestion and your sexual response.
Blood sugar reduces blood circulation in the whole body and in skin cells as well, which causes slow wound healing and can become severely infected.
High blood sugar causes miscarriage, a stillbirth, or defective baby birth in women with diabetes.
People with diabetes are more likely to have hearing problems than others.
Diabetes can develop sleep apnea in which you can not sleep due to breathing problems during sleep.
People with blood sugar are more likely depressed than others due to their long time and long treatment.
Blood sugar also damages the brain cells that can lead to Alzheimer’s if you did not control your blood sugar levels.
How to Manage and Avoid Risks and Complications
Well management and some extra care of yourself is the best way to avoid risks and complications associated with it like
- Keep an eye on your blood sugar level
- Take your medicine as prescribed regularly
- Do not skip your meal and eat healthily
- Check with your doctor on regular basis and talk to him if you see any early signs of trouble